Vance Center Assists in Landmark Brief in Chilean Supreme Court
(Chilean Supreme Court | Photo Credit: Wikimedia)
On behalf of Human Rights Watch, the Vance Center’s Environment Program coordinated the drafting and filing of a landmark amicus curiae brief before the Chilean Supreme Court. The court heard arguments in the case in late April.
The case arose from massive pollution in the Chilean towns of Quintero and Puchuncaví, which resulted in more than 300 people being hospitalized in August and September 2018. Local human rights advocates argued that the pollution resulted from decades of intensive industrial development, permitted by Chilean authorities in violation of the national constitution.
The Human Rights Watch brief emphasized the importance of international law relating to human rights and the environment in interpreting Chileans’ constitutional right to live in a pollution-free environment. Vance Center Committee member Rick Levine and other lawyers from Weil Gotshal & Manges drafted the brief, and Fundación Pro Bono Chile, the national pro bono clearinghouse and the Vance Center’s co-coordinator of the Pro Bono Network of the Americas, filed it.
International law recognizes the mutually-reinforcing relationship between human rights and the environment. In 2018, Professor John Knox, then United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and Vance Center client, summarized the relationship in a set of 16 Framework Principles on Human Rights and the Environment. These principles require that states ensure a “safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment in order to respect, protect and fulfill human rights”, and that states “should establish and maintain substantive environmental standards that are non-discriminatory, non-retrogressive and otherwise respect, protect and fulfill human rights.” Human Rights Watch’s brief drew on these principles to press the Supreme Court to find guidance in the growing body of international law on human rights and the environment in its interpretation of the Chilean constitution.
English and Spanish versions of the brief, as well as the Human Rights Watch press release, can be found at https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/04/11/chile-supreme-court-hears-massive-air-pollution-case.